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18Apr

Legal medical marijuana passes Iowa Senate on 45-5 vote

By | April 18, 2017

“We want Iowans to know we care about them here,” Greene remarked.

Sen. Joe Bolkcom, D-Iowa City, recounted heartbreaking stories of Iowans — some now dead — who have lobbied legislators in support of the bill. He was joined in support by Sen. Charles Schneider, R-West Des Moines, who said it would be ideal if the federal government legalized medical marijuana. But in the absence of federal action, 28 states have enacted patchwork of laws to address the issue, he added.

“In the end, I think this bill strikes the right balance,” Schneider said.

Smoking medical marijuana would not be allowed, nor would people be allowed to buy plant material that can be taken home and smoked. But the legislation establishes a framework that should encourage investment by businesses, Schneider said.

No lawmakers spoke against legalizing medical marijuana during the Senate floor debate.

Medical conditions eligible for medical marijuana would include: cancer, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, AIDS or HIV, hepatitis C, glaucoma, Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, post-traumatic stress disorder, Tourette’s syndrome, any terminal illness subject to certain conditions, intractable pain, Parkinson’s disease, muscular dystrophy, Huntington’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, complex regional pain syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and any other chronic or debilitating disease or medical condition or its medical treatment approved by state officials.

But the Senate bill appears to face a major roadblock in House, where there aren’t enough votes within the Republican caucus to pass the Senate bill, according to House Republican leaders.

House Speaker Linda Upmeyer, R-Clear Lake, said last week she is not necessarily opposed to allowing marijuana to be grown in Iowa and distributed as a medicinal product within the state’s borders. But she said she and others are trying to consider the economic viability of such a program as well as the implications under federal law. A bill is still alive in the House that would extend the sunset date of the current cannabis oil program and make available a cannabis-based product called Epidiolex once it’s approved by the Food and Drug Administration.

Rep. Jarad Klein, R-Keota, who has had a lead role in drafting medical marijuana legislation in the House, has agreed with Upmeyer that House Republicans favor a more limited approach than offered in the Senate bill. For example, he said he wants to avoid a loosely-regulated system where almost anyone could claim to have an illness in an effort to obtain medical marijuana.

Sen. Brad Zaun, R-Urbandale, issued a plea to House members during the debate to consider the Senate bill.

“A lot of people say, ‘Why is this taking so long?’ Well, the reason why is education. A lot of us have learned about the benefits of cannabis. I beg our House colleagues to do the right thing,” Zaun said.

Iowans are now allowed to possess cannabis oil for the treatment of epilepsy. But it’s illegal to manufacture or distribute that oil in the state, and federal law prohibits its transportation across state lines. In practice, that makes it illegal for Iowans to obtain the product. The state law allowing cannabis oil was enacted in 2014 but is scheduled to expire in July, leaving no state law in its place.

The five Senate members who voted against the bill Monday night included Democrat Tod Bowman of Maquoketa, and Republicans Dan Dawson of Council Bluffs, Mark Costello of Imogene, Julian Garrett of Indianola and Michael Breitbach of Strawberry Point.

Source: http://www.desmoinesregister.com/story/news/politics/2017/04/17/legal-medical-marijuana-passes-iowa-senate-45-5-vote/100511044/

(Photo: Mark Marturello/The Register) – Illustration depicting medical marijuana.

21Mar

US – Recreational Legalized States

By | March 21, 2017

As of 3/29/2017

ALASKA:
Adults 21 and over can light up in Alaska. In early 2015, the northernmost US state made it legal for residents to use, possess, and transport up to an ounce of marijuana — roughly a sandwich bag full — for recreational use. The first pot shop opened for business last October.

CALIFORNIA:
California, the first state to legalize medical marijuana back in 1996, became even more pot-friendly in 2016 when it made it legal to use and carry up to an ounce of marijuana without a prescription.

There’s no place to legally buy bud, however, until January 1, 2018, when the state begins issuing licenses to marijuana dispensaries that allow them to sell nonmedical weed.

Those eager to light up before 2018 can still do so by becoming a medical marijuana patient. And if you happen to find yourself in possession of a friend’s marijuana, that works, too.

COLORADO:
In Colorado, where there are more marijuana dispensaries than Starbucks and McDonalds locations combined, residents and tourists alike can buy up to one ounce of weed. The state joined Washington in becoming the first two states to legalize recreational marijuana in 2012.

ILLINOIS:
Illinois lawmakers have introduced a bill to legalize recreational use of marijuana for state residents 21-years-old and older. The bill would allow them to possess, grow or buy up to 28 grams of the drug while allowing licensed businesses to sell related products subject to regulation.

MAINE:
The most nail-biting ballot initiative of the 2016 Election gave Mainers the right to possess a whopping 2.5 ounces of marijuana, more than double the limit in most other states. It goes into effect on January 30, nearly one month after the governor signed the bill into law.Retail stores will not open doors until 2018.

MASSACHUSETTS:
On December 15, Massachusetts began allowing residents to carry and consume small amounts of weed and grow up to 12 plants in their homes.

The future of the state’s adult-use market remains hazy, however. A bill signed by the governor over the holidays delayed the timetable for opening retail stores from early 2018 to mid-year.

NEVADA:
Voters in Nevada gave a resounding yes to recreational marijuana on Election Day. January 1, it became legal to possess up to an ounce of pot. The ballot measure directs Nevada’s taxation office to implement regulations by the end of 2017 in preparation for a 2018 retail launch.

There’s bad news if you want to grow your own bud, though. Residents must live 25 miles outside the nearest dispensary in order to become eligible for a grower’s license.

OREGON:
Summer 2015, Oregonians got the green light to carry up to an ounce of weed and grow up to four plants at home. It’s also legal to give edibles as a gift, so long as they’re ingested in private.

Oregon enjoyed knockout sales during the state’s first year of legal marijuana. Dispensaries generated nearly $15 million in tax revenue between July 2015 and June 2016.

WASHINGTON:
Dispensaries in Washington raked in over $1 billion in non-medical marijuana sales since the drug was legalized for recreational use back in 2012. The state allows people to carry up to one ounce of marijuana, but they must require the drug for medicinal purposes in order to be eligible for a grower’s license. So you can smoke it, but not grow it, if you’re toking for fun.

WASHINGTON, DC:
Residents in the nation’s capital voted in overwhelming favor to legalize nonmedical marijuana in November 2014. The bill took effect almost a year ago, allowing people to possess up to two ounces of pot and “gift” up to one ounce, if neither money nor goods or services are exchanged.

SOG
7Mar

Cannabis Cultivation: Sea of Green (SOG)

By | March 7, 2017

Reference Site: http://howtogrowmarijuana.com

Original Content Link: http://howtogrowmarijuana.com/sea-of-green/

Sea of Green Growing Marijuana

What is Sea of Green?

Sea of Green, or SOG, is a method of growing cannabis that forces the plants into the flowering stage when young and small. By starting the flowering phase of your marijuana plants after about two weeks of vegetative growth you can harvest many weeks earlier than you would if you grew your plants to full size.

Why Choose Sea of Green?

The Sea of Green method is a Dutch concept and is all about using space efficiently and is particularly useful if you are limited with the space available in your grow room (although it is also often used in large operations and greenhouse grows as well). By switching the cannabis plants’ lighting to 12/12 early (to force flowering) it is possible to fit several plants in the space normally taken up by one plant. Even though the yield of each individual plant is smaller, the accumulated yield per square metre will be greater.

Time is also an important factor to consider when deciding whether to use the Sea of Green method. Some marijuana strains can spend well over 10 weeks vegetating so by putting your marijuana plants into flower after only two weeks you will get more harvests per year. This is ideal for larger operations where a constant supply is necessary.

 

When growing BIG marijuana under artificial grow lights it is important to use the light in the most efficient way possible. Not just because you’re paying for its electricity; but because you will want to get the most from your plants too. Most grow room setups involve lighting your plants from above but doing this means that the plants shade out their own bases and the lower sections of the plant do not receive as much light as the tops. By packing the plants together a canopy of buds is formed, making best use of the light. If you are using one big HPS grow lights then you only have the option of lighting from above, using a number of HPS grow lights or better still energy saving full spectrum LED grow lights then you still have the option of lighting from the corners.

The Sea Of Green method is particularly useful if you have a quantity of cuttings available from cloned marijuana. This method saves you money on buying seeds and can ensure the quality and gender of the young plants. Although Sea Of Green doesn’t generally require any pruning, once a canopy has formed some growers like to clean up the branches underneath to concentrate the plants’ energy towards the main bud and improve air flow beneath the canopy. These cuttings can be cloned and will provide the next batch of SOG plants, making a self perpetuating system.

How to use the Sea of Green method

There are no special skills required to use the Sea of Green method. Once you understand the concept, carrying out an SOG grow is simplicity itself. In fact, with the absence of any training or pruning requirements, SOG is one of the easiest ways to grow weed.

Here is a simple Sea of Green step-by-step guide:

  • Buy some fast growing marijuana seeds good for Sea of Green;
  • Germinate your seeds or take cuttings from another plant to make marijuana clones;
  • Choose your hydroponic grow system;
  • Plant your babies out at around 1 plant per square foot (30cm X 30cm);
  • Choose your grow lights and then grow under 18-24 hours light until they have reached approximately 10-12 inches in height (25-30cm);
  • Switch the lighting to 12/12 to instigate marijuana flowering after around two to three weeks;
  • When a dense canopy of buds has formed trim any branches beneath them to save energy going to these instead of the buds, you can use these for clones if done right;
  • Harvest your marijuana when ready.

Some growers will start plants on 12/12 when they are only 6 inches high, others pack them more or less densely. Exact requirements will vary from strain to strain and grow room to grow room. If you use this guide as a starting point you will be able to make adjustments based on your own experience.

Which seed strain – Are all marijuana strains suitable for S.O.G?

The short answer is no. Typically indica seed varieties, with their naturally squat stature and single main kolas are most suited to S.O.G methods. Some sativas may work but they are generally too ‘leggy’ to fully benefit from SOG systems. We would recommend Old World Indicas, Kush strains, God Bud and Northern Lights. Also try some of the more specialized feminized dwarf strains such as Buddha Red Dwarf Autoflowering Feminized  and Royal Queen Royal Dwarf Autoflowering Feminized.

Soil vs Hydroponic
3Mar

Cannabis Cultivation: Soil vs Hydroponic

By | March 3, 2017

Reference Site: https://www.coloradopotguide.com

Original Content Link: https://www.coloradopotguide.com/colorado-marijuana-blog/2015/november/06/growing-marijuana-in-soil-vs-hydroponic-systems/

Cannabis, like many plants, can be grown in more than one way. Most people think of roots growing in soil, but hydroponics offers the ability to work in smaller spaces with more control over your green’s food source. If you’re looking for flavor and forgiveness in the occasional mistake, take up the traditional soil method. Of course, any experienced grower will have a preference with first-hand accounts of why they stick with their technique. If you’re looking to plant a marijuana seed and help it grow, there are a few things you should consider before planning things out.

Soil

Cannabis plants prefer rich soil that allows for maximum drainage, in fact, many growers switch out soil for perline to increase drainage. Nutrient rich materials like earthworm castings or manure can be added to improve the health of your greens and make sure the crop gets everything it needs. Plants absorb nutrients from soil, so during the flowering stage it’s important to use just the right kind and amount of nutrients to maximize your yields and prevent any a nutrient deficiency. Even with the best soil you will still need to supplement some nutrients to maximize your results.

Pros/Cons

Pros:

  • Can be more forgiving for inattentive growers
  • Growing in soil is easier than some types of hydroponic growing
  • Better flavor in the end
  • Natural product

Cons:

  • It takes up a lot of space
  • It is usually more expensive
  • Problems take longer to become evident and be recovered
  • Doesn’t produce as high of a volume of nutrients than hydroponics do

Hydro

Hydroponics is growing cannabis by using any growing medium other than soil. These alternatives (which are often combined) include gravel, coco coir, sand, mister air, vermiculite, peat moss, perlite, hydroton, and/or just water. During the entire process you must provide the plant with all its nutrients by way of its water supply.

Hydroponic systems come in different forms, here are the top 5 common forms: aeroponics, deep water culture, drip irrigation, nutrient film technique, and ebb-and-flow.

1. Aeroponics

Aeroponics uses a grow chamber to suspend roots in the air with no medium inside of a closed-loop system. Water, rich with nutrients, douses the bases of these plants as they hang in the air. By providing an oxygen-rich environment, the microbes on the plant are able to digest and process the nutrients for its circulatory system.

2. Deep Water Culture

Deep Water Culture is a method of growing which uses a bucket of nutrients, also called bubblers. The plants are suspended over the nutrients as the roots grow into the nutrients below. The bubblers’ mixture is filled with air using an aquarium pump and pays off by speeding up the growtime. The oxygen and fertilizer enriched mixture work wonders for the end product.

3. Drip Irrigation

The drip irrigation system feeds each plant individually in its own chamber. Nutrients are administered by a dripper, and then the solution is recycled, much like the already mentioned methods. Each plant is located in separate chambers where the nutrients are fed to the medium by means of a small dripper.

4. Nutrient Film Technique

The Nutrient Film Technique is a hydroponic method which involves a nutrient solution being pumped onto a tray or gulley to form a shallow and slow moving film that moves through the plant’s roots. These roots grow into the solution, creating a large root mat in the tray. Having round the clock access to water and nutrients along with more than enough oxygen for the roots, makes for rapid development with maximum yields.

5. Ebb-And-Flow

Ebb and Flow replaces soil with a medium like rockwool to produce very large yields. This type of system stimulates a natural cycle of rain and the time in between it, therefore giving off a more natural environment for your grow.

Pros/ Cons

Pros:

  • Maximize yields by accurately providing just the right amount of nutrients to your cannabis
  • Soil born diseases and pests are less likely because of the lack of soil and the grow is usually indoor
  • Larger yield
  • Problems are easier to correct because you’re more in control
  • Doesn’t take up a lot of space
  • Get a result quicker
  • Better looking product “in the bag”
  • Grows are able to be automated by using techniques like bubbleponics and deep water culture

Cons:

  • A lot more maintenance cleaning the equipment
  • Doesn’t taste as well as soil grown – This depends on nutrients
  • Need to pay a lot of attention during the entire process